The Adjudication Panel for Wales (APW) is an independent tribunal which determines alleged breaches by members of local authorities in Wales of their authority’s statutory code of conduct. Its web site includes guidance, decisions and annual reports.
The Admiralty Court is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which deals with shipping and maritime disputes. Information here on the GOV.UK portal site includes the current edition of the Admiralty and Commercial Courts Guide and other guidance, forms, daily cause lists, practice directions, and information on the judges of the Admiralty and Commercial Courts. There is a link to decisions 1999 onwards on the BAILII site.
The Bar Tribunals and Adjudication Service (BTAS) is responsible for appointing and administering disciplinary tribunals for barristers in England and Wales facing charges of professional misconduct, and Inns’ Conduct Committee panels dealing with admission and disciplinary matters concerning student members of an Inn or applicants for admission. It was set up by the Council of the Inns of Court (COIC) at the request of the Bar Standards Board and became operational from 1 February 2013. Its web site includes policy and guidance documents, annual reports, newsletters, and details of both completed and forthcoming hearings.
The Care Tribunal was established under the Health and Personal Social Services (Quality, Improvement and Regulation) (Northern Ireland) Order 2003 to hear appeals against decisions relating to the regulation of care services and to the employment and registration of social workers in Northern Ireland. Information on its web site includes a guide to the appeals process and procedures, links to legislation, and published decisions to date.
The Central Arbitration Committee (CAC) is a tribunal non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy. It aims to encourage fair and efficient arrangements in the workplace by resolving collective disputes in England, Scotland and Wales, either by voluntary agreement or, if necessary, through a legal decision. This section of the GOV.UK web site has the outcomes and decisions for applications to the CAC under all jurisdictions from 1 January 2014. (Those made before 1 January 2014 are available via a link to the National Archives web site.) Press releases, guidance and forms are also available.
The Certification Officer performs various statutory functions in the regulation of trade unions and employers’ associations, including the determination of complaints concerning trade union elections, certain other ballots and breaches of trade union rules. Content in this section of the GOV.UK web site includes decisions 1979 onwards; annual reports 2010-2011 onwards (with a link to archived annual reports going back to 1999-2000); guidance; and lists of trade unions and employers’ associations, with links to those having their own web sites.
The Circuit Commercial Court (formerly known as the Mercantile Court) is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which deals with commercial and business disputes. This section of the GOV.UK web site provides information on the work of the court, including the Circuit Commercial Court Guide and other guidance, London Circuit Commercial Court hearing and trial dates, procedure rules and practice directions. There is a link to decisions 2001 onwards on the BAILII site.
The Commercial Court is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which deals with complex national and international business disputes. Information here on the GOV.UK site includes the Admiralty and Commercial Courts Guide and other guidance, forms, hearing and trial dates, practice directions, and information on the judges of the Admiralty and Commercial Courts. There is a link to decisions 1995 onwards on the BAILII site.
Commons Commissioners were appointed from 1971 under the Commons Registration Act 1965 to settle disputed entries in local authority registers of common land and town and village greens and to determine the ownership of unclaimed common land and greens. Decisions were issued from 1972 onwards. Most decisions of the Commons Commissioners are available to download from this section of the web site of the Association of Commons Registration Authorities (formerly the Commons and Greens Registration and Management Association). The Commons Commissioners were abolished on 1 December 2010.
The Companies List (formerly known as the Companies Court) is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which handles cases relating to insolvency of companies and other company matters. Information here on the GOV.UK portal site includes forms and guidance, location and contact details, and a link to the Insolvency and Companies cause list.
The Company Names Tribunal adjudicates on disputes about opportunistic company name and limited liability partnership name registrations. It was created 1 October 2008 and is administered by the UK Intellectual Property Office. Information provided in this section of the GOV.UK web site includes the Company Names Tribunal practice direction, forms and decisions.
The Competion Appeal Tribunal (CAT) hears and decides appeals and other applications or claims involving competition or economic regulatory issues. It was created by the Enterprise Act 2002 and replaced the former Competition Commission Appeal Tribunal. Information and guidance on appeals to the Tribunal includes the text of the Tribunal’s rules and a Guide to Proceedings. There are summaries and full documentation (judgments, transcripts, orders, etc) relating to all cases 2001 onwards.
The Copyright Tribunal (CT), established under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, settles various types of copyright dispute, mainly in the field of collective copyright licensing. Decisions 2013 onwards are available to download from this section of the GOV.UK web site. Earlier decisions including those of the CT’s predecessor, the Performing Right Tribunal, back to 1958 are accessible via a link to the National Archives site. Other content includes procedural rules and an unofficial consolidated version of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
This is the “legacy site”, now archived by the National Archives, of the body which supervised the constitution and working of tribunals and inquiries in England, Scotland and Wales from 1958 until November 2007 when it was replaced by the Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council.
Content in the Court of Appeal Civil Division section of the GOV.UK portal site includes forms and guidance, details of the appeal procedure, procedure rules, a case tracker, daily cause lists, and a link to the Civil Division decisions database on the BAILII site.
The Court of Appeal Criminal Division section of the GOV.UK portal site has forms and guidance, details of the appeal procedure, the Criminal Procedure Rules, daily cause lists, and a link to the Criminal Division decisions database on the BAILII site.
The Court of Protection makes decisions in relation to the property and affairs, and healthcare and personal welfare, of adults who lack the capacity to make decisions for themselves. Information provided either directly here on the GOV.UK site or via links to other sites includes forms and guidance, practice directions and procedural rules, daily cause lists, and decisions 2000 onwards.
The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) is a superior court of record, with jurisdiction in England and Wales and Scotland, which deals with appeals from decisions of the Employment Tribunals, the Certification Officer and the Central Arbitration Committee. This section of the GOV.UK site has procedural information, guidance, and an unofficial consolidated version of the Employment Appeal Tribunal Rules 1993. Links are provided to relevant material elsewhere which includes full text judgments July 1999 to March 2017 on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary site. Recent decisions are now published here on the GOV.UK site itself.
Employment tribunals determine disputes between employers and employees over employment rights. Information here on the GOV.UK web site includes downloadable forms and guidance relating to employment tribunals in both England & Wales and Scotland. There are links to the Legislation.gov.uk and Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web sites for regulations, practice directions, presidential practice rules and other guidance. Decisions are available 2017 onwards (with a few earlier ones of 2015-2016).
The First-tier Tribunal (Asylum Support) considers appeals by asylum seekers against refusal or termination of support by the Home Office. It has formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Social Entitlement Chamber since 3 November 2008, having been first established in April 2000 as the Asylum Support Adjudicators. Information available from this page of the GOV.UK web site includes forms and guidance, procedural rules, and Statements of Reasons (Decisions) 2001 onwards.
The First-tier Tribunal (Care Standards) hears appeals under the legislation relating to the care of children and vulnerable adults in England and Wales. It was originally established under the Protection of Children Act 1999 as the Protection of Children Act Tribunal, and has since 3 November 2008 formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Health, Education and Social Care Chamber. This page of the GOV.UK web site has background information about the Tribunal and its jurisdiction; links to relevant legislation; guidance on the appeals process and procedures; forms; and links to published decisions (including those of its predecessor the Registered Homes Tribunal) on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web site.
The First-tier Tribunal (Criminal Injuries Compensation) hears appeals against awards made by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority under the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme. Formerly known as the Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel (CICAP), it has since 3 November 2008 formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Social Entitlement Chamber. This section of the GOV.UK site includes the current Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, guidance documents, practice statements and protocols. There is a link to a database on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web site, which comprises appeals concerning criminal injuries compensation decided in the courts from 1982 onwards.
The General Regulatory Chamber (GRC) of the First-tier Tribunal, which was established on 1 September 2009, deals with a broad range of appeals, mostly against decisions of various government regulatory bodies. These include the Charity Commission, Gambling Commission, Information Commissioner’s Office, Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner, Pensions Regulator, and Approved Driving Instructor Registrar. Among many other GRC jurisdictions are those relating to the regulation of estate agents, letting and managing agents, environment agencies, food regulators and trading standards officers. This page of the GOV.UK site provides a list of all the GRC’s current jurisdictions, with links to documents, forms and guidance, rules, legislation and decisions.
The First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) deals with appeals against decisions made by the Home Office in immigration, asylum and nationality matters. It was established on 15 February 2010 when it replaced, along with the new Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber), the former Asylum and Immigration Tribunal. This section of the GOV.UK site has information about appeal procedures and includes links to forms and guidance, daily court lists, procedural rules and legislation.
The First-tier Tribunal (Mental Health) is responsible for hearing applications or references relating to people detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007) in England. Formerly known as the Mental Health Review Tribunal, it has since 3 November 2008 formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Health, Education and Social Care Chamber. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the application procedure with links to forms, guidance, practice directions and legislation.
The First-tier Tribunal (Primary Health Lists) hears appeals from providers of primary health care against suspension or removal from health authority lists. Primary Health Lists became a jurisdiction within the Health, Education and Social Care Chamber of the First-tier Tribunal on 18 January 2010, taking over the role of the former Family Health Services Appeal Authority (FHSAA). This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal process including links to forms and guidance, rules and regulations, hearing lists, and decisions June 2004 onwards.
The First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber) handles applications, appeals and references relating to disputes over property and land in England. It was established on 1 July 2013, taking over the functions of the Agricultural Land Tribunals in England (but not in Wales), the Adjudicator to HM Land Registry, and the various bodies which made up the Residential Property Tribunal Service, which included Rent Assessment Committees, Leasehold Valuation Tribunals and Residential Property Tribunals. Information provided here on the GOV.UK site includes forms and guidance, procedural rules, and links to legislation and decisions.
The First-tier Tribunal (Social Security and Child Support) deals with appeals from decisions of the Department for Work and Pensions and the Child Support Agency, as well as other government departments and local authorities, concerning social security, child support, income support, housing and other benefits. It was formerly known as the Social Security and Child Support Appeal Tribunal, and earlier still as the Appeals Service. Since 3 November 2008 it has formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Social Entitlement Chamber. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal procedure, with links to forms and procedural rules.
The First-tier Tribunal (Special Educational Needs and Disability) hears appeals from parents of children with special educational needs against decisions made by English local authorities about their children’s education. Established originally in September 1994 as the Special Educational Needs Tribunal, it has since 3 November 2008 formed part of the First-tier Tribunal’s Health, Education and Social Care Chamber. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal process including links to forms, practice directions and legislation.
The First-tier Tribunal (Tax) hears appeals against decisions relating to tax made by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC), Border Force (in connection with seized goods) and the National Crime Agency (in connection with suspected money laundering). It was created on 1 April 2009, replacing four former separate tax tribunals – the General Commissioners of Income Tax, the VAT and Duties Tribunal, the Special Commissioners of Income Tax and the Section 704/706 Tribunal. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal procedure with links to forms, guidance, practice directions, practice statements and legislation. The Tribunal Procedure (First-tier Tribunal) (Tax Chamber) Rules 2009 are available in an unofficial consolidated version which incorporates amendments. There is also a link to a database of decisions 2002 onwards (searchable April 2003 onwards), together with a few earlier ones, on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web site.
The First-tier Tribunal (War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation) hears appeals from ex-servicemen or women in England and Wales relating to the two schemes that provide compensation for injuries in the Armed Forces – the War Pensions Scheme and the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme. Formerly known as the Pensions Appeal Tribunal, it has formed the War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Chamber of the First-tier Tribunal since 3 November 2008. This section of the GOV.UK web site provides information on the appeal process, with links to legislation and procedural rules.
The Health and Education Chamber of the First-tier Tribunal for Scotland was established on 12 January 2018. Its first jurisdiction (there will be three others in due course) is Additional Support Needs, which it took over on that date from the Additional Support Needs Tribunals for Scotland (ASNTS). Information here on Additional Support Needs includes details of the reference and claims procedures, guidance, annual reports 2005/06 onwards and other publications, links to legislation, and a decisions database 2006 onwards.
The Gender Recognition Panel, established under the Gender Recognition Act 2004, assesses applications from those who wish their acquired gender to be legally recognised. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the application process for a Gender Recognition Certificate, forms and guidance, a list of specialists in the field of gender dysphoria, and links to legislation.
The Independent Review Service (IRS) for the Social Fund was abolished in April 2013 and its web site archived by the National Archives. It carried out independent reviews of discretionary Social Fund decisions made in Jobcentre Plus offices in England, Scotland and Wales. The “Publications and Leaflets” section includes the IRS Journal and a digest of inspectors’ decisions (both from winter 1999 onwards), annual reports, and the Social Fund Commissioner’s advice to inspectors. In the section “Your Rights and the Law” there are links to relevant Acts on the Legislation.gov.uk web site.
Industrial Tribunals in Northern Ireland hear and determine claims relating to a range of employment matters, including unfair dismissal, breach of contract, and discrimination on the grounds of sex, race, disability, sexual orientation and equal pay. The Fair Employment Tribunal hears and determines complaints of discrimination on the grounds of religious belief and/or political opinion. The site contains main decisions, in a searchable database, from 2007 onwards. Information booklets may be downloaded from the Publications & Statistics section. In the Useful Information section there are links to relevant legislation on the Legislation.gov.uk web site.
The Insolvency List (formerly known as the Bankruptcy Court) is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which handles petitions to bankrupt individuals living in London where the amount owed is £50,000 or above. Information here on the GOV.UK portal site includes forms and guidance, contact details, and links to the Insolvency Proceedings practice direction and the Insolvency and Companies cause list.
The Intellectual Property Enterprise Court is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which deals with intellectual property disputes about registered designs, patents, registered trade marks, copyright and other rights. Content here on the GOV.UK site includes the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court Guide, a guide to small claims in the court, forms, procedure rules, practice directions, and Chancery Division daily cause lists.
The Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT) was established under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. It investigates and determines complaints of unlawful use of covert techniques by public authorities (such as interception, surveillance and property interference) infringing the right to privacy and claims against intelligence or law enforcement agency conduct which breaches a wider range of human rights. Besides information and forms relating to the complaint procedure, and the texts of IPT rulings and judgments, the web site provides links to relevant legislation and codes of practice.
The Judge Advocate General (JAG) is the chief judge of the Court Martial, which tries Service men and women for serious criminal offences, and the Office of the Judge Advocate General (OJAG) is a part of the Judicial Office. This section within the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary website (the Judicial Office’s site) provides what is described as an informal guide to the Service justice system, together with official guides to Court Martial practice, procedure and sentencing.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the court of final appeal for the UK’s overseas territories, crown dependencies (Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man), and military sovereign base areas, and for several Commonwealth countries. This web site, created following JCPC’s move from Downing Street to Parliament Square in 2009, includes details of JCPC’s role and powers; lists of relevant legislation; procedural information (forms, rules and practice directions); details of current cases and future sittings; live television coverage of hearings; and judgments (“Decided Cases”) November 2009 onwards. (For judgments from 1999 to August 2009 and selected key judgments before 1999 see either the BAILII web site (to which a link is provided) or archived content on the Privy Council Office site.)
The Lands Tribunal resolves disputes about the value of land and buildings in Northern Ireland, and about their occupation, use or development. Its web site provides information on its functions; links to relevant legislation, including the Lands Tribunal Rules (Northern Ireland) 1976 as amended; downloadable forms; and a table of published decisions since 1990 (and selected earlier ones), with links to full texts of the decisions.
The Lands Tribunal for Scotland deals with various types of dispute involving land or property. Its web site has general information, forms, procedural guidance, links to relevant legislation, and selected recent decisions.
LEASE is the Leasehold Advisory Service, a non-departmental public body funded by Government to provide free advice to leaseholders, park home residents, landlords, professional advisers, managers and others on the law affecting residential leasehold in England and Wales. There are full text (PDF) decisions and determinations of Leasehold Valuation Tribunals 1994 onwards, together with various guides (some including links to legislation), reports and other publications relating to the residential leasehold system.
London Tribunals, formerly known as the Parking and Traffic Appeals Service (PATAS), provides administrative support to the Environment and Traffic Adjudicators and the Road User Charging Adjudicators, which consider appeals against Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs) issued by the London local authorities and Transport for London. The site includes information on the enforcement and appeals process, links to legislation, annual reports, and the statutory registers of appeal cases.
The Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS) is responsible for adjudication upon doctors’ fitness to practise in the UK. It was launched on 11 June 2012 and is operationally separate from the body which was responsible before that date, the General Medical Council (GMC). Its web site provides information on its role and procedures, including links to the legislation that governs its work. The Decisions section has various guidance documents and details of rights to appeal, besides texts of recent decisions.
The Mental Health Review Tribunal for Wales (MHRT for Wales) deals with applications and references by and in respect of patients detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 (as amended by the Mental Health Act 2007) in Wales. Its web site includes forms, guidance, FAQs and links to legislation.
The Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland (MHTS) began hearings in October 2005, when the main provisions of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 came into force. Its web site provides information on the Tribunal’s role and organisation, including quarterly statistical reports on its activities and annual reports. The section “Legislation and Caselaw” has links to relevant legislation and full texts of court judgments in appeals against MHTS decisions.
The National Security Appeals Panel (NSAP) was a separate Panel of the former Information Tribunal which heard appeals against certificates issued by a Minister of the Crown on national security grounds. The Information Tribunal was replaced on 18 January 2010 by the First-tier Tribunal (Information Rights). This page in the Information Rights section of the Justice web portal, now archived by the National Archives, includes the texts of NSAP decisions.
Nominet UK has been the registrar of .uk domain names since 1996, and this section of its web site provides details of the Dispute Resolution Service (DRS) it operates for domain name disputes. It includes guidance and a searchable database of DRS decisions.
The Northern Ireland Courts and Tribunals Service (NICTS), an agency of Northern Ireland’s Department of Justice, administers the courts of Northern Ireland, comprising the Supreme Court, county courts, magistrates’ courts, coroners’ courts, and certain tribunals. This section of the Department of Justice site has information on the work of NICTS, including complaints procedures, but it excludes judicial decisions, which may be found on the Judiciary NI site.
The Office of the Schools Adjudicator (OSA) deals with certain kinds of dispute relating to school admission arrangements and the organisation of schools. Its section of the GOV.UK web site includes decisions February 2011 onwards and recent annual reports.
Parking on Private Land Appeals (POPLA) determines appeals from those who have been issued with parking charge notices in respect of vehicles parked on private land in England and Wales. It is a non-statutory tribunal, established on 1 October 2012 by the British Parking Association at the request of the Government and currently administered by the Ombudsman Service Limited. Site content includes details of the appeal process and annual reports 2013 onwards.
The Patents Court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, deals with intellectual property disputes about patents, registered designs and plant varieties. Content here on the GOV.UK web site includes the Patents Court Guide, forms, procedure rules, practice directions, details of forthcoming hearings, and information on the Patents Court judges. There is a link to decisions 1996 onwards on the BAILII site.
The Pensions Appeal Tribunal Scotland hears appeals from ex-servicemen and women in Scotland who have had their claims for a war pension rejected by the Secretary of State for Defence. It deals with both the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme and the War Pension Scheme. Besides legislation and information on the appeal process, the site has a set of Medical Appendices which provide basic information on a range of medical conditions.
The Planning Appeals Commission (PAC) is an independent appellate body which deals with a range of land use planning issues and related matters in Northern Ireland. The site includes information, forms and guidance for appellants. There is a quick link to appeal decisions of the last few months, and within Publications a “Digest” section covering recent appeals, inquiries and hearings. The site also provides information on Northern Ireland’s Water Appeals Commission.
The Planning Court was established on 7 April 2014 to fast-track significant planning and environmental cases in England and Wales. It forms part of the Administrative Court, a specialist court within the High Court Queen’s Bench Division. Content on this page of the GOV.UK portal site includes forms and procedure rules.
The Proscribed Organisations Appeal Commission (POAC), created by the Terrorism Act 2000, deals with cases where the Home Secretary refuses to de-proscribe organisations believed to be involved in terrorism. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal process including links to forms, legislation and its one decided case to date.
The Registered Homes Tribunal heard appeals relating to the registration of nursing homes, care homes and children’s homes prior to the establishment of what is now known as the First-tier Tribunal (Care Standards). This is a database of its decisions 1985-2004 on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web site.
The Residential Property Tribunal Wales deals with disputes relating to private rented and leasehold property in Wales and is made up of Rent Assessment Committees, Leasehold Valuation Tribunals and Residential Property Tribunals. Its web site includes guidance booklets, forms, and decisions from April 2012 onwards.
The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service (SCTS) is responsible for the administration of the courts and tribunals of Scotland. These include the Court of Session, High Court of Justiciary, Sheriff Appeal Court, Sheriff Courts, Justice of the Peace Courts, Upper Tribunal for Scotland, First-tier Tribunal for Scotland, and Office of the Public Guardian. The site also provides brief details of other courts. Court of Session opinions are available 1999 onwards, as are judgments of the High Court and Sheriff Court. Judgments of the Sheriff Appeal Court established in 2015 are added as they become available. Opinions pages are updated daily at 2.00 pm. Court rules, practice notes, guidance notes and forms will be found under “Rules and Practice”. The home page carries news relating to the administration of justice, in blog format.
The Scottish Land Court has authority to resolve a range of disputes, including those between landlords and tenants, in agriculture and crofting. The web site contains the rules of the court, digests of cases (taken from the Scottish Land Court Reports) 1982 onwards, information on where to find reported decisions, and “historical background”, which includes links to relevant statutes. Significant decisions (from 2007 onwards) are available on the site itself.
The Scottish Solicitors’ Discipline Tribunal (SSDT) is an independent body which deals with serious disciplinary issues, and certain other matters, concerning solicitors in Scotland. Its findings are accessible on the site in full text, December 2004 onwards, together with its procedural rules, annual reports 2009 onwards, and general information in the form of FAQs.
The Senior Courts Costs Office (SCCO), part of the High Court of Justice, was known before the establishment of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in 2009 as the Supreme Court Costs Office. This section of the GOV.UK web site includes the Senior Courts Costs Office Guide and other guidance documents, links to cause lists, and links to decisions 2000 onwards on the BAILII site.
The Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT) adjudicates on alleged breaches of rules of professional conduct by members of the solicitors’ profession in England and Wales. Its web site includes a searchable database of judgments 1999 onwards, the Solicitors (Disciplinary Proceedings) Rules 2007, information about the SDT’s constitution and procedures and annual reports 2002 onwards.
A separate devolved Special Educational Needs Tribunal for Wales (SENTW) came into being in September 2003. Its web site has contact details and information aimed primarily at parents in Wales whose children have special educational needs.
The Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC), which is a superior court of record, deals with appeals from certain immigration decisions of the Home Secretary where international terrorism, national security or other matters of public interest are involved. The site has cause lists, forms and guidance, and links to legislation. There are also links to “Outcomes” databases on the Tribunals Judiciary web site.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the highest appellate court for all civil cases within the UK and the final court of appeal for criminal cases within England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It was formally established on 1 October 2009. It assumed the jurisdiction of the former Appellate Committee of the House of Lords, and also the devolution jurisdiction hitherto exercised by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Its web site provides details of the court’s role; procedural information including the Supreme Court Rules 2009, forms and practice directions; details of cases currently being heard; live television coverage of sittings; and judgments. Videos of short case summaries are accessible via a link on the homepage to the YouTube UK Supreme Court channel.
The Technology and Construction Court (TCC) is a specialist court, part of the Business and Property Courts of the High Court of Justice, which deals principally with disputes arising in such specialist fields as engineering, technology and building. It was known before October 1998 as the Official Referees’ Court. The TCC section of the GOV.UK portal site provides access to decisions 1997 onwards (via a link to the BAILII site), daily cause lists, procedure rules, and guidance including the Technology and Construction Court Guide.
The Traffic Penalty Tribunal (TPT), formerly the National Parking Adjudication Service, decides appeals against Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs) issued by the majority of councils in England and Wales (outside London) for parking, bus lane, moving traffic and congestion charging contraventions. The site provides information on the appeal process, a selection of typical cases, annual reports 1999/2000 onwards, and links to the text of the Statutory Instruments which govern parking appeals in England and Wales (except London).
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the subject of this blog, which was created in May 2009, a few months before the court itself was formally established. It is produced by a group of solicitors and barristers specialising in litigation and with an interest in the judicial work of the UK Supreme Court.
The Upper Tribunal is a superior court of record with UK-wide jurisdiction. Its Administrative Appeals Chamber deals with appeals from the General Regulatory Chamber, the Health, Education and Social Care Chamber, the Social Entitlement Chamber and the War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Chamber of the First-tier Tribunal. It also deals with first appeals from decisions of the Independent Safeguarding Authority and of the Traffic Commissioners, and with appeals from some decisions of tribunals in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Upon its establishment on 3 November 2008 it took over the work of the former Social Security, Child Support and Pensions Appeal Commissioners. This page of the GOV.UK web site has information, guidance and downloadable forms. Decisions 2016 onwards are on the site. Earlier decisions (1991 onwards for England & Wales and Scotland, with some earlier decisions; 1973 onwards, with a very small number of earlier ones, for Northern Ireland) are accessible via a link to the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary site.
The Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) (UTIAC) is a superior court of record which deals with appeals against decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber). It was established 15 February 2010 when, along with the new First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber), it replaced the former Asylum and Immigration Tribunal (AIT). This section of the GOV.UK site provides information on appeals to UTIAC and includes links to the court lists of UTIAC hearing centres; forms and guidance; practice statements and practice directions; procedural rules; legislation; and UTIAC/AIT decisions 2000 onwards.
The Lands Tribunal was established in 1949 to resolve certain kinds of dispute about land in England and Wales, particularly relating to the valuation of land, and was transferred into the Lands Chamber of the Upper Tribunal on 1 June 2009. It hears appeals from the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber) Residential Property, Valuation Tribunals, Leasehold Valuation Tribunals (in Wales) and Residential Property Tribunals (in Wales). This section of the GOV.UK web site has information about the Lands Chamber’s jurisdictions and procedure and includes links to forms and guidance; procedural rules and orders; practice directions and practice statements; and a database of decisions 2000 onwards (with a few from the end of 1999) on the Courts and Tribunals Judiciary web site.
The Upper Tribunal was established on 1 April 2009 as a superior court of record with UK-wide jurisdiction. Its Tax and Chancery Chamber hears appeals from decisions of the First-tier Tribunal in tax, land registration and charity cases, and also (after taking over on 6 April 2010 the functions of the former Financial Services and Markets Tribunal and Pensions Regulator Tribunal) from decisions of the Financial Conduct Authority and other organisations involved in the regulation of financial services. This section of the GOV.UK web site has information on the appeal process, with links to forms and guidance; registers of forthcoming hearings; procedural rules and practice directions; and decisions 2002 onwards.
The Valuation Tribunal for England (VTE) deals with appeals about council tax and non-domestic (business) rates. Its web site includes information, guidance notes, recent annual reports, the full text of the Council Tax Guidance Manual, newsletters and other publications. Select “Decisions & lists” to access a database, covering Wales as well as England, of rating decisions October 1999 onwards, and council tax decisions November 2005 onwards. There are also notes of recent cases in the online newsletters Valuation in Practice (October 2004 onwards).
The Valuation Tribunal for Wales (VTW) deals with appeals about non-domestic rates and council tax. Its web site has information (much of it in the form of FAQs) and guidance on appeals in Wales, and provides access under “Listings and Decisions” to both English and Welsh appeal decisions, on rating 1993 onwards, and on council tax November 1995 onwards.
The UK Supreme Court channel on YouTube has since January 2013 provided videos of five-minute summaries of judgments, delivered by the leading judge in each case.