Campaign for Freedom of Information

The Campaign for Freedom of Information is an independent non-party, non-profit organisation campaigning to improve access to official information. The site includes information and commentary on the Freedom of Information Act 2000, its implementation, and issues concerning its present operation.

Council of Europe: Data Protection

The Data Protection pages of the Council of Europe web site include treaties and other international legal instruments, national laws of member states, reports, news and ECHR case law. Also included is information about the supervisory authorities in member states and selected other territories, and a handbook on European data protection law.

Data Protection Public Register

The Register (on the web site of the Information Commissioner’s Office) describes, for each data controller (e.g. company or organisation), the use made by them of personal data. This searchable online version is updated daily.

European Commission: Data Protection

The Data Protection section of the European Commission web site contains the relevant EU legislation and case law, links to the data protection regulatory bodies in EU and EFTA member states, and information on the reform of Directive 95/46/EC, and subsequent new legislation. As of 2017 this section of the European Commission’s web site is no longer being updated, but has been retained as an archive.

Guardian: Freedom of Information

This is a section of the Guardian newspaper’s web site which brings together its coverage of freedom of information (FOI) issues since May 1999.

Information Commissioner’s Office

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) is responsible for data protection and freedom of information in the UK. On data protection this site contains a guide to data protection for those who have day to day responsibility for data protection and other documents relating to its interpretation and enforcement. There is also a searchable register of data controllers under the “About the ICO” tab. On freedom of information, the site contains a guide for those who work for a public authority and have day-to-day responsibility for freedom of information. There are also decision notices 2006 onwards.

Information Law and Policy Centre

A blog sharing research and discussion from the Information Law and Policy Centre at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. The blog includes an archive of posts November 2014 onwards.

National Security Appeals Panel

The National Security Appeals Panel (NSAP) was a separate Panel of the former Information Tribunal which heard appeals against certificates issued by a Minister of the Crown on national security grounds. The Information Tribunal was replaced on 18 January 2010 by the First-tier Tribunal (Information Rights). This page in the Information Rights section of the Justice web portal, now archived by the National Archives, includes the texts of NSAP decisions.

Office of the Information Commissioner, Ireland

The site has information on the role, functions and powers of Ireland’s Information Commissioner, a post established in 1998 under the Freedom of Information Act 1997. It includes a code of practice, guidance notes and a  link to the Freedom of Information Act 2014. Also has links to Regulations and Orders made under the FOI Acts. Other site content includes the Commissioner’s Decisions, court judgments (in appeals against decisions of the Commissioner), policy documents, annual reports and press releases.


Panopticon is a blog about information law produced by members of the Infomation Law Practice Group at 11 KBW, a set of barristers’ chambers in the Temple whose areas of expertise include public, administrative and commercial law. It has an archive of blog entries January 2009 onwards, and a collection of links.

Scottish Government: Freedom of Information

The Freedom of Information section of the Scottish Government’s web site contains a wide variety of information about freedom of information in Scotland, including advice on how to make an application, links to the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002, the Environmental Information (Scotland) Regulations 2004, and other relevant legislation, codes of practice, and guidance and training materials for officials dealing with freedom of information requests.

Scottish Information Commissioner

This site explains the rights of members of the public, and the responsibilities of public authorities, under the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002. A list of Appeals currently before the Commissioner, and the full text of Decisions already issued (2005 onwards), are available. A link to the 2002 Act together with guidance regarding the various exemptions to its provisions are to be found within “The Law”.

UCL Constitution Unit: Freedom of Information and Data Protection

The Constitution Unit is part of the Department of Political Science at University College London. Its team of Freedom of Information (FOI) and Data Protection (DP) experts have been reviewing information policy decisions and providing training and consultancy services in FOI and DP issues since 1996. In addition to conducting research, they assist both central government departments and local authorities reviews of FOI and DP issues.The section “FOI and Local Government” contains a study of the objectives, benefits and consequences of FOI and English local government. Within the “International Focus” section are reports on data protection regimes around the world.

UK Freedom of Information Blog

This blog collates news stories and press releases concerning the operation of the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and related issues in the UK and abroad, with an archive extending back to 2003. It was originally established by Steve Wood (formerly a lecturer at Liverpool John Moores University, now an Assistant Commissioner at the Information Commissioner’s Office) and was more recently maintained by the Campaign for Freedom of Information. The blog has not been updated since 2013, but still contains useful information.