Aegis is an independent international organisation devoted to taking practical action to prevent genocide. The site includes reports of historic atrocities and current crises.
The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights was established by charter in 1986. This site contains details of the Commission’s history, members, mandate and Rules of Procedure. Documents available include the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; the Protocol for the establishment of an African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights; the Protocol on the Rights of Women; the Convention on the Rights of Refugees; and other resolutions, declarations, reports and ratifications.
Amnesty International is a campaigning body for human rights worldwide. Its site includes reports on individual countries, searchable via an A-Z country index; campaign reports and thematic publications 1996 onwards; and annual reports 1998 onwards (with summaries for 1993-1997).
Bhatt Murphy is a London based solicitors’ firm specialising in the protection of civil liberties. Its web site includes a number of timelines, setting out major events in a number of areas, with links to relevant legislation and case law. Subjects covered include: police misconduct, tariff setting for life sentenced prisoners, deaths in custody, immigration detention, parole hearings and the prison disciplinary system.
The Committee on the Administration of Justice (CAJ) is an independent non-governmental organisation which campaigns for human rights and civil liberties in Northern Ireland. Publications available online include various key documents, annual reports, press releases, and a monthly newsletter Just News.
The Commissioner for Human Rights is an independent institution within the Council of Europe, responsible for promoting human rights within member states. The first Commissioner began work in 1999, and the site has all documentation to date (including opinions, recommendations, reports, seminar papers and speeches).
The Equality and Human Rights Commission was established on 1 October 2007 under the Equality Act 2006. It replaced the Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equality and Disability Rights Commission, taking over their existing responsibilities for racial, disability and sex discrimination and also taking on new responsibilities for aspects of equality relating to sexual orientation, age, religion or belief, and human rights. Guidance relating to current legislation and codes of practice can be found in the “Advice and Guidance” section. Information about the Human Rights Act 1998 and the Equality Act 2010 can be found under the relevant headings, while “Our Legal Action” includes information about the Commission’s enforcement work.
CPT is the abbreviated name of the committee established by Article 1 of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987). The database includes all CPT reports and public statements, and the “standards” from the CPT’s annual general reports.
The full text of the Convention as amended by the Protocols, in html format, on the Council of Europe Treaty Office site.
The European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) is a Brussels-based “pan-European alliance”, with 90 member organisations in 38 countries, which works to protect and advance the rights of refugees, asylum seekers and displaced persons. Policy and research papers are arranged by topic. The site also includes annual reports, weekly bulletins, news and press releases.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), based in Strasbourg, was set up in 1959 under the European Convention on Human Rights. Information and documents relating to the history, composition and working of the Court include the HUDOC database of the case law of the Convention, the Court Rules, the text of the Convention and protocols, and dates of ratification. The HUDOC case law database covers the European Court of Human Rights, the defunct European Commission on Human Rights (1954-1998), and the Committee of Ministers. RSS feeds are available for ECHR news, webcasts and Information Notes.
The European Observer on Fundamental Right’s Respect is a joint project of the Lelio and Lisli Basso Foundation, the Interdepartmental Centre for Research in European Communities Law at the University of Bologna, and European Magistrates for Democracy and Freedoms. Its web site includes European legislation and case law relating to human rights, as well as national case law from the member states of the EU, judicial decisions from other jurisdictions, and other legislative documents. There is also a bimonthly newsletter available, January 2007 onwards.
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is an advisory body, established in 2007 to help protect human rights within the EU by collecting evidence about the status of fundamental rights and providing advice based on that evidence. The “Publications & resources” section of its web site includes a database of case law abstracts with links to full text where available, and a wide variety of publications including reports, studies, and discussion papers, and recent annual reports. The Register of Documents (within “About the FRA”) includes a link to the full text of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2007).
Official information website for the Claims Resolution Tribunal of the Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation against Swiss banks and other Swiss entities. The site includes rules of the tribunal, court documents, details of awards made (arranged alphabetically by claimant’s surname), and the latest list of Swiss accounts that the tribunal believe belonged to victims of Nazi persecution
The ‘Honour Crimes’ Project (2000-2005) was jointly co-ordinated by CIMEL (Centre of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London) and INTERIGHTS (International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights). It aimed to co-ordinate an international approach to fighting ‘honour crimes’. The site includes extensive links arranged either alphabetically for international organisations or by country for national organisations. Documentation in the Materials and Resources section also includes materials relating to ‘crimes of honour’ that were not produced by the CIMEL/INTERIGHTS Project. Case summaries are available in the Bibliography section arranged by country.
HUDOC is the official database of the case law of the European Convention on Human Rights. Content includes judgments, screening panel decisions and admissibility decisions of the European Court of Human Rights 1959 to date; public reports and admissibility decisions of the defunct European Commission on Human Rights complete from 1986 to 1999, with some earlier decisions; and resolutions of the Committee of Ministers 1959 to 2004. For more detailed information on the contents of the database and guidance on searching there is a downloadable HUDOC Internet Manual (pdf).
The Ministry of Justice is the UK government department responsible for developing human rights policy. This web page within the Guidance section of the Justice portal site includes links to basic documents such as the Human Rights Act 1998 and the European Convention on Human Rights; guidance for public authorities and others; and links to many relevant external web sites.
The full text of the UK’s Human Rights Act Act 1998 on the Legislation.gov.uk site. There is an option to view either the original version as enacted or an updated version.
Human Rights Education Associates is an international non-governmental organisation which supports human rights learning and training. In the “Resource Centre” there is a library of documents, databases including a directory of organisations involved in human rights education, and an extensive links section. The “Learning Centre” contains a collection of subject-based study guides.
Human Rights First (formerly the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights) is an American advocacy organisation based in New York and Washington DC. The site includes details of their current work on asylum, refugees, and security detainees. Relevant US legislation is included along with press releases and details of current publications.
Human Rights Watch is an independent non-governmental organisation based in New York and concerned with defending human rights worldwide. The site contains news, commentaries and reports on human rights issues, arranged by topic and region. Also includes annual reports 1996 onwards, a news archive 1997 onwards and publications back to 1989 (arranged by relevant country or by date).
The Court was formed in 1969 and comprises of 25 American nations (excluding the USA). The site includes the Court’s rules of procedure, decisions and judgments back to 1987, advisory opinions back to 1982, press releases back to 1998 (some available only in Spanish), the text of the Statute of the Court, and many international conventions on the subject of human rights.
The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) is a non-governmental organisation which promotes human rights and the rule of law both internationally and at a national level. Founded in 1952, it comprises a standing group of 60 eminent jurists from many jurisdictions worldwide, supported by an International Secretariat based in Geneva. Its web site includes a monthly E-Bulletin on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights and full text of ICJ publications from their Practitioners’ Guide series, Human Rights and Rule of Law series, and Panel series.
Includes information on international humanitarian law (as well as its relationship to international human rights law), its role in the protection of victims of war, and its relationship with the work of the ICRC. Select “Resource Centre” and then “IHL databases” to access databases of treaties and of national implementation. The Treaty Database includes about 100 treaties and texts, commentaries on the four Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, an up-to-date list of signatures and ratifications, and full text of reservations. The National Implementation database provides documentation and commentaries concerning the implementation of international humanitarian law at national level. Throughout the site links are provided to key documents and other publications. ICRC annual reports are included from 1994 onwards, and press releases 2002 onwards.
A research guide, first published on GlobaLex in March 2007 by Grace M. Mills, Director of the Law Library at Florida A&M University and now updated to November/December 2017 by James Hart, Senior Reference Librarian in the University of Cincinnati Law Library. The guide gives a brief introduction to the main human rights bodies and provides an extensive list of human rights documents organised by subject matter.
This project works towards the development, coordination and increased employment of international law and humans rights standards as they pertain to capital punishment, primarily in the United States. The site is divided into sections on juveniles, foreign nationals, mental retardation, and mental illness, each including links to relevant case law. The “Brief Bank, General Resources and Statistics” section includes links under the following headings: briefs, international entities, guides, general resources, and general statistics.
The Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission (IHREC) was set up following the merger of the Irish Human Rights Commission and the Equality Authority on 1 November 2014. It is an independent public body that accounts directly to the Oireachtas. The Commission can carry out inquiries, provide legal assistance, initiate legal proceedings and appear as amicus curiae before the Irish High Court and Supreme Court in cases concerning human rights and equality. The Your Rights section of the site has links to guidance on equality and human rights law. Other site content (which can be found via Publications and Publication Type) includes legislative observations, research reports, policy statements and submissions, and annual reports. There is also information on Irish cases in which the IHREC and IHRC has acted as amicus curiae (with links to the full text).
Justice is an all-party law reform and human rights organisation. It is the British section of the International Commission of Jurists. The site includes briefings on various subjects (asylum, criminal justice, human rights, privacy), press releases, consultations, reports and transcripts of lectures.
Subscription site, providing full text of reported and unreported human rights cases from the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) and domestic courts. (Some transcripts are only available through the Transcripts Express service at an additional cost.) Other content includes full text of selected treaties, including an analysis of the European Convention on Human Rights; the Human Rights Act 1998, both consolidated and original versions; key legislation and proposed legislation; comments on domestic and ECHR cases; and summaries of relevant articles. The Human Rights section of Lawtel is updated daily and can be found under the ‘Specialist Areas’ drop down menu.
Liberty, also known as the National Council for Civil Liberties, is an independent organisation seeking to protect civil liberties and promote human rights in England and Wales. Includes press releases, articles on different aspects of the Human Rights Act 1998, plus details of current and completed test cases, which Liberty has taken to higher English Courts and the European Court of Human Rights.
The Commission is the independent national human rights institution for Northern Ireland. It was set up in March 1999 under the Northern Ireland Act 1998 in compliance with the commitment made by the British Government in the Good Friday Agreement. The site includes human rights related legislation and policy documents, press releases, speeches and articles.
OHCHR is the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, who is the United Nations official with principal responsibility for UN human rights activities. The “International Law” section of the site has the texts of the many treaties for which the Office is responsible, including the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Information on ratifications and reservations is also available on this page.
One Crown Office Row chambers in the Temple, London, provides this service, updated fortnightly and containing over 1,000 reports and commentaries on human rights cases from 1998 onwards, arranged by subject. There is a selection of full text articles on human rights issues, and practical guidance on the Human Rights Act 1998 and the European Convention.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an ad hoc international organisation under the United Nations, with 56 participating states, concerned with conflict prevention and crisis management. Its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is active in areas which include election observation, democratic development, human rights and the rule of law. ODIHR publishes and maintains the Legislationline database: a link to that and other specialised OSCE databases is provided in the Resources pages. Also in Resources there is a Documents Library containing decisions, recommendations, treaties, fact sheets, and other publications.
Privacy International is an independent non-governmental organisation founded in 1990 to protect personal privacy. Resources on its web site have an emphasis on surveillance matters and include: recent news articles from around the world on privacy and Privacy International reports. Under “Legal Actions” there is a list of legal actions Privacy International has taken against governments and companies. Some of these have related documents available.
Project Diana is an online human rights archive at Yale Law School. Selected cases and documents are available on the web site.
Online resource on capital punishment maintained by Reprieve, the London based organisation founded by anti-capital punishment lawyer Clive Stafford Smith. The site includes extensive links, case histories, reports, articles, press releases and the organisation’s online journal, “Reprieve Update”.
Launched by barristers’ chambers One Crown Office Row on 31 March 2010, the UK Human Rights Blog aims to provide “a free, comprehensive and balanced legal update service”. Content includes case summaries, commentary, news and features, authored by human rights and public law specialists. There is also an archive of case summaries dating back to the year 2000.
UNHCR is the UN agency responsible for safeguarding the rights and well-being of refugees. Its web site provides detailed information, news, online documents and statistics. Select Resources to access the searchable “Refworld” database of online country information, legal information, policy documents and reference documents.
The full text English language version of the Declaration on the site of the UN’s Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Click on Search by Translations or Regions near the top left of the page for access to all translations (over 300), arranged either alphabetically or by region.
The Universal Human Rights Index is a project developed by the Institute of Public Law of the University of Bern, Switzerland. The index provides access to documents of the United Nations human rights treaty bodies and the Special Procedures of Humans Rights Council. It contains all concluding observations issued by the treaty bodies from the year 2000 onwards, as well as reports published by the Special Procedures since 2006. Documents can be accessed by country, rights or body.
Established in 1994 to promote human rights and international justice, this research and training centre is now part of Berkeley Law, the UC Berkeley School of Law. The Human Rights Center (HRC) has conducted human rights investigations in more than a dozen countries, including the United States, Iraq, Rwanda, Uganda, Burma and the former Yugoslavia. The site includes information on both current and completed projects. Also available are a range of publications, including HRC reports, articles and bibliographies.
Contains over 60,000 documents on human rights and related material, and a comprehensive set of links to over 4,000 other sites, arranged by topic, region and organisation.
The US Department of State’s web pages dedicated to human rights issues. The site includes country reports from around the world arranged by year, region and country. The archive goes back to 1993. Also included are reports prepared by the State Department on issues such as torture and racial discrimination.